Trafalgar Square is a square in Westminster, London, which mark the Battle of Trafalgar (1805), the British Maritime victory in the Napoleonic wars. Originally the name of the square was “King William IV”, but George Taylor suggested the name “Trafalgar Square”.
In 1820 the architect John Nash began to build around. Today’s architecture of the square is work of Sir Charles Barry and was completed in 1845.
At Trafalgar Square, people can see the Nelson’s Column and other famous statues and sculptures.
Over time, Trafalgar Square has acquired symbolic significance of important social and political space for both visitors and Londoners for themselves, developing from the esplanade, lined with figures of national heroes to the square of the main political party.
In 1940, it is demonstrated how important as a symbol is, when Nazi SS made a secret plan for relocating the Nelson Column in Berlin immediately after the expected German invasion.
It consists of a big central area surrounded by roads on three sides, the fourth one – stairs leading to the National Gallery. The streets that surround the square formed part of a busy road A4, and by 2003 the streets around the square form a one-way traffic systems. Underpasses associated with the “Charing Cross” underground station allow pedestrians to avoid traffic. Renovations have reduced the width of the road and the northern side of the square is already closed to traffic.In 2003 the reconstruction of the north side of the square is completed. Due to repairs necessitated closing the main road, passing from there, forever. Part of the square’s wall is demolished and building of broad stairs began. Plans for a large staircase are discussed for a long time, even in the beginning of the original square. The new stairs lead to a large terrace in front of the National Gallery, the place where the road passed through before.
Trafalgar Square is a popular tourist destination in London. Its popularity is largely due to pigeons gathering around it. Feeding birds is a typical activity for Londoners and tourists, but in 2003 Ken Livingstone imposed ban on feeding pigeons. Today, there are significantly fewer birds, but it is used for festivals and hired by various film companies, which was not possible in the 90s.